<BGSOUND SRC="music/evangeln.mid">
        Background MIDI music: "Évangeline" from THE GREAT CANADIAN TUNEBOOK, Sequenced by Barry Taylor, Victoria, BC, Canada

"Bassin de Port Royal", present-day Annapolis Basin. This is the view that the early settlers had as they entered through that narrow opening at the left edge of the photo called 'The Gut' into the basin from Frenchman's Bay (Baie Française, or present-day Bay of Fundy). This is the easterly view towards Port Royal which is just over the horizon in the center. The earlier settlement of Port Royal in 1605 was located on that piece of land to the left of center across the basin. What splendor! ...blue and green. At the eastern end of the basin at Port Royal, the Rivière Dauphin, present-day Annapolis River flows southwest into the basin. 
Today, Annapolis-Royal tells the story of the Acadians with the Port Royal 'habitation', a working replica of the Port Royal compound that was built in 1605 by a French gentleman Pierre Dugua de Mons. At right is the view of the Rivière Dauphin as viewed from the Port Royal habitation. The river which is seen here flowing west (to the right) into the Basin, formed the core of the Port Royal settlement. Operated by Parcs Canada, the habitation is a living museum which tells the story of ancient Acadia during the early 1600's prior to the arrival of the French families in the 1630's. Ironically, although the compound was built to defend against attackers such as the Indians, the French left the compound in the care of the local Mi'kmac from 1607 to 1610. It was an English expedition from the colony of Virginia who looted and burned the habitation in 1613.
Take a virtual tour of the old Port Royal habitation at Port Royal National Historic Park
The Port Royal Habitation.The closed compound was designed to provide shelter as well as protection for its inhabitants. The terrace at the left front corner was the cannon platform under which was the gun powder storage. Going up clockwise around the compound was the building which housed the Common Room, Artisans' quarters and Chapel, in that order. In the next building at the top were the four Gentlemen's rooms and a separate though connected building to the right for the Sieur de Mons' residence in the upper right corner. Continuing clockwise on the right side of the compound were the building which housed the Sail-Loft, the Storeroom/Winecellar and Trading Room. In the front right corner were the Guard Room and a palisade for the guards. Finally, at the bottom, were the entrance to the compound, a Gentlemen's Dwelling, with three buildings to the left for the Forge, the Kitchen and the Bakery. The common well was in the center of the courtyard. 
(Click on the compound to take a close look.)
The Acadian colors flying at the 'Habitation'... this is the corner of the compound which oversees the basin of Port Royal and thus where the 'big guns' must be. The platform provided a raised surface for the cannons while the area below provided a safe and dry storage area for their gun powder. 

The building to the left houses the Common Room, the Artisans' Quarters and the Chapel at the left edge of the photo. 

In the photo at left is the entrance to the Habitation past a guard station on the right. Straight ahead is the stairway to the Sail-Loft upstairs and behind the stairs is the door and window into Sieur de Mons' residence. 

In the photo at right, the docents at the Habitation are exceedingly friendly and helpful. Feel free to discuss Acadian life and customs to your heart's content. They are very well informed about the life of the Acadians during this period as well as the families who were included in the early group of Acadians. 

This Acadian gentleman is a Monsieur Melanson obviously dressed in the 17th century garb of the Acadians.

In the photo at right is the courtyard with the well in the foreground center. In the background is the building which houses four separate rooms of Gentlemen's Dwellings. 

In the photo above is the interior of the Chapel showing the Altar and Holy Tabernacle and the Communion Rail in front. One of the important missions of the French was to come to the New World to convert the Indians. Therefore, there were usually a few missionaries along with the explorers to work those conversions.

The photo at far right is looking through one of the windows of the Chapel outside in front of the Gentlemen's Dwellings and Sieur de Mons' residence in the corner.

In the Common Room by the fireplace is were everyone relaxed as evidenced by a few pair of wooden 'sabots'. This was the footwear of the period whether working indoor or in the fields. If made correctly, the shoe was quite comfortable, although I suspect they caused a few blisters every now and then. 

The Common Room was also the main dining area and the entertainment area. In the very early days of the Habitation, Champlain established "L'Ordre du Bon Temps / Order of Good Cheer" to "...keep our table joyous and well provided." Certain Acadian colonists would take turns to volunteer to provide food for the feast which was usually conducted every other week and also arranged for some entertainment whether music or drama. Visit our "Acadian Cuisine" section to 'sample' some of the Acadian foods they might have enjoyed.

There was some elaborate choreography associated with serving of the food while music was played.  In one of Parc Canada's brochure's for the Habitation, they write that "Marc Lescarbot, a Parisian lawyer, spent the winter of 1606-1607 at the Habitation. His lively descriptions of the colony give us a glimpse of life in the settlement. Among his writings was 'Le Théatre de Neptune', a play first performed in November 1606 to welcome de Poutrincourt on his return to the Habitation after a voyage of exploration to the south.

The final stop in our itinerary of our Port Royal tour is to visit Jehan and Perrine's homestead... 

We see in the map at right, the 'neighborhood' of the ancestral Terriot homestead which is highlighted and a star (just to the left of the village of Belleisle) notes the approximate location of the Claude Terriot home according to the census records of Acadia. From those same census records, we know that in their later years, Jehan and Perrine were living with Claude Terriot and his wife. So this location was no doubt also the location of the Jehan and Perrine homestead. That entire area of the peninsula which juts south into the river is the Belleisle (Beautiful Isle) area, a reference perhaps to the island across from the Belleisle peninsula.


Across the river and to the left of Belleisle with a north pointing peninsula is the Prée Ronde (Round Hill) area, the homestead of Pierre Thibodeau and his wife, Jeanne Terriot, elder daughter of Jehan and Perrine. This map and photo at right are courtesy of Daniel Theriault, son of Adrien (Leo, Maxime, Charles) who is  Delegate for the Charles and Méthaïde Theriault Great-Branch. (It should be noted that Prée Ronde was later re-named 'Round Hill' by the English and is the name used in today's maps. The correct translation of the name should be 'Round Meadow'.)

Daniel explained that "...When I went to Annapolis Royal..., I found Belleisle so I crossed the river and went to Round Hill (where Pierre Thibodeau and his wife Jeanne Terriot lived) and I took a picture of that area. (shown below) ...At the left edge of the photo you can see a part of the Round Hill area, then the river at the centre and the North Mountains in the back. Belleisle is just across the river..." The location where Daniel took the photo is marked in the map above with a yellow/orange arrow which points in the direction that Daniel was looking when he took the photo.


So, the land across the Annapolis river was the land of Jehan and later Claude Terriot... this is where they spent their lives cultivating their land and tending their crops and livestock. The sights in this photo with the mountains in the background are the sights that our ancestral grandfather, Jehan Terriot saw every day of his life in the New World. This is where he and his beloved wife, Perrine rest today... in the Blue and the Green.